Positioned on a high above Sintra in Portugal overlooking the Tagus estuary and the west coast is a fantastic castle.
You can take the bus up, but better is the stiff climb through the trees of the Quinta Sasseni, about 15minutes from the top the castle appear above you
This is a popular area for rock climbers as well
The view directly down to the national palace shows how far we climbed
The Moors built the fort in the tenth century in a col between two hill tops.
The view down the way we ascended.
The opposite hilltop with Pena palace beyond
The castle was "invaded" by King Sigurd I of Norway in 1109
It actually fell to the Portuguese following the conquest of Lisbon in 1147.
During the 12/13th centuries the fortifications were improved
While the structure was well fortified by 1383 most of the population was moving down to Sintra
The castle was badly damaged in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake
It was rebuilt by King Fernando II at the same time as Pena palace was constructed.
Another view of Pena.